What is natural language understanding NLU?

Semantic parsers convert natural-language texts into formal meaning representations. Natural-language understanding or natural-language interpretation is a subtopic of natural-language processing in artificial intelligence that deals with machine reading comprehension. Natural language understanding makes it possible for systems to evaluate, analyze, and classify text-based input into pre-defined categories on the basis of the content of the input. The spam filters in your email inbox is an application of text categorization, as is script compliance. Here are some of the most common natural language understanding applications. It encompasses everything that revolves around enabling computers to process human language.

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Natural language generation focuses on text generation, or the construction of text in English or other languages, by a machine and based on a given dataset. Depending on your business, you may need to process data in a number of languages. Having support for many languages other than English will help you be more effective at meeting customer expectations. This is particularly important, given the scale of unstructured text that is generated on an everyday basis.

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Customer support has been revolutionized by the introduction of conversational AI. Thanks to the implementation of customer service chatbots, customers no longer have to suffer through long telephone hold times to receive assistance with products and services. If automatic speech recognition is integrated into the chatbot’s infrastructure, then it will be able to convert speech to text for NLU analysis. This means that companies nowadays can create conversational assistants that understand what users are saying, can follow instructions, and even respond using generated speech. Natural language understanding software doesn’t just understand the meaning of the individual words within a sentence, it also understands what they mean when they are put together. This means that NLU-powered conversational interfaces can grasp the meaning behind speech and determine the objectives of the words we use.

For example, in medicine, machines can infer a diagnosis based on previous diagnoses using IF-THEN deduction rules. Regardless of the approach used, most natural-language-understanding systems share some common components. The system needs a lexicon of the language and a parser and grammar rules to break sentences into an internal representation. The construction of a rich lexicon with a suitable ontology requires significant effort, e.g., the Wordnet lexicon required many person-years of effort. It can understand the context behind your users’ queries and empower your system to route them to the right agent the very first time. Semantic Analysis − It draws the exact meaning or the dictionary meaning from the text.

Large Language Models: Complete Guide in 2023

It will also categorize the data to ensure it can be stored, repositioned and accessed easily. Finally, the amount of data being produced in the world is increasing at an increasing rate. NLU is an efficient tool, since it peels away layers of noise in order to get to meaning. The efficiencies that NLU brings will get more and more valuable as the amount of data increases. In essence, it takes AI beyond simply question and response and into the realm of conversation, where the precise use of grammar and language is often neglected. Put simply, where NLP would allow a computer to identify and comprehend words, NLU puts those words into a context.

  • For example, programming languages including C, Java, Python, and many more were created for a specific reason.
  • Natural language understanding focuses on machine reading comprehension through grammar and context, enabling it to determine the intended meaning of a sentence.
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  • Sometimes people know what they are looking for but do not know the exact name of the good.
  • For instance, the address of the home a customer wants to cover has an impact on the underwriting process since it has a relationship with burglary risk.
  • It is often used in response to Natural Language Understanding processes.

With the help of voice technology, creating audio blogs with one click is possible. According to research, the strength of the potential audience that listens to audio blogs is larger than the one who reads blogs. In the multi-tasking world, people need ways to consume content on the go, and audio blogs are the answer. Have you ever sat in front of your computer, unsure of what actions to take in order to get your job done?

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With FAQ chatbots, businesses can reduce their customer care workload . As a result, they do not require both excellent NLU skills and intent recognition. If you would like to know more about our platform or just have additional questions about our products or services, please submit the contact form. For general questions or customer support please visit our Contact uspage. CXone also includes pre-defined CRM integrations and UCaaS integrations with most leading solutions on the market. These integrations provide a holistic call center software solution capable of elevating customer experiences for companies of all sizes.


Because it establishes the meaning of the text, intent recognition can be considered the most important part of NLU systems. When a computer generates an answer to a query, it tends to use language bluntly without much in terms of fluidity, emotion, and personality. In contrast, natural language generation helps computers generate speech that is interesting and engaging, thus helping retain the attention of people.

Taking action and forming a response

And the difference between NLP and NLU is important to remember when building a conversational app because it impacts how well the app interprets what was said and meant by users. Computers can perform language-based analysis for 24/7 in a consistent and unbiased manner. Considering the amount of raw data produced every day, NLU and hence NLP are critical for efficient analysis of this data. A well-developed NLU-based application can read, listen to, and analyze this data. When an unfortunate incident occurs, customers file a claim to seek compensation.

language data

Explore some of the latest NLP research at IBM or take a look at some of IBM’s product offerings, like Watson Natural Language Understanding. Its text analytics service offers insight into categories, concepts, entities, keywords, relationships, sentiment, and syntax from your textual data to help you respond to user needs quickly and efficiently. Help your business get on the right track to analyze and infuse your data at scale for AI. Based on some data or query, an NLG system would fill in the blank, like a game of Mad Libs.

NLU can help you better understand your customers.

The software can be taught to make decisions on the fly, adapting itself to the most appropriate way to communicate with a person using their native language. So, consider the auto-suggest function commonly available within word-processing tools and mobile phones. Whilst this is a great application of NLP, it is so often based on usage algorithms, rather than contextual algorithms.

But this is a problem for machines—any algorithm will need the input to be in a set format, and these three sentences vary in their structure and format. And if we decide to code rules for each and every combination of words in any natural language to help a machine understand, then things will get very complicated very quickly. It rearranges unstructured data so that the machine can understand and analyze it. In its essence, NLU helps machines interpret natural language, derive meaning and identify context from it.

What is NLU known for?

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The idea is to break down the natural language text into smaller and more manageable chunks. These can then be analyzed by ML algorithms to find relations, dependencies, and context among various chunks. Natural language understanding is how a computer program can intelligently understand, interpret, and respond to human speech. Natural language generation is the process by which a computer program creates content based on human speech input. There are several benefits of natural language understanding for both humans and machines. Humans can communicate more effectively with systems that understand their language, and those machines can better respond to human needs.


Healthcare – Deep what is nlu Insight has a huge amount of experience using their EDDIE system in healthcare, in particular when it comes to rare diseases. NLU is so useful here as it is a niche area where subtleties of language and context abound. BMC works with 86% of the Forbes Global 50 and customers and partners around the world to create their future. According to various industry estimates only about 20% of data collected is structured data.

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At its most basic, sentiment analysis can identify the tone behind natural language inputs such as social media posts. Taking it further, the software can organize unstructured data into comprehensible customer feedback reports that delineate the general opinions of customers. This data allows marketing teams to be more strategic when it comes to executing campaigns. Your software can take a statistical sample of recorded calls and perform speech recognition after transcribing the calls to text using machine translation.

  • I am looking for a conversational AI engagement solution for the web and other channels.
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  • This approach combines the power of neural networks with the symbolic representations used in traditional AI.
  • Syntactic Analysis − It involves analysis of words in the sentence for grammar and arranging words in a manner that shows the relationship among the words.
  • NLP-driven machines can automatically extract data from questionnaire forms, and risk can be calculated seamlessly.
  • There is Natural Language Understanding at work as well, helping the voice assistant to judge the intention of the question.

In order to have an effective machine translation of NLU, it is important to first understand the basics of how machine translation works. People in business are using voice technology to automate their content marketing strategy. In the past, creating content was an effort-prone and time-taking phenomenon.

Which is the best NLU?

  • NLSIU Bangalore.
  • NLU Delhi.
  • NALSAR Hyderabad.
  • NLU Jodhpur.
  • NLU Kolkata.